Chlamydia: What is it?

Chlamydia is the most commonly reported sexually transmitted infection (STI) in the United States. Both men and women can get it. If not treated, it can cause serious, permanent damage to a woman’s reproductive system it hard or impossible for her to get pregnant later on.

Symptoms (Signs you may have the disease):

Most people who have chlamydia have no symptoms. If you do have symptoms, they may not show up until many weeks after you have sex with someone who has the infection. Even when chlamydia causes no symptoms, it can damage your reproductive system if untreated for a long period of time.

Women with symptoms may notice:

  • Abnormal vaginal discharge (a liquid or mucus)
  • A burning feeling when peeing
  • Pain in the lower abdominal area
  • Pain during sex
  • Bleeding after sex

Men with symptoms may notice:

  • A discharge(a liquid or mucus from their penis)
  • A burning feeling when peeing
  • Pain and swelling in one or both testicles (balls)

Chlamydia: How can I get it?

You can get chlamydia from the following types of contact with either a male or female who has this STI:

  • Oral sex
  • Anal sex
  • Vaginal sex

Chlamydia: Fast Facts

  • You can get chlamydia these ways even if your sex partner does not ejaculate (cum)
  • If you’ve had chlamydia and were treated in the past, you can still get infected again if you have unprotected sex with someone who has chlamydia
  • If you are pregnant, you can also give chlamydia to your baby during childbirth

Chlamydia: How can I get tested for it?

Your doctor may test you through a sample of your pee or may use a cotton swab to get a sample from your vagina, throat or rectum to test for chlamydia.

How can I be treated for it?

Chlamydia can be easily cured with antibiotics

NOTE: It is important to take all of the medication prescribed to cure chlamydia. Medication for chlamydia should not be shared with anyone. Your partner/s needs to get medication that is just for them.

How can I keep myself and my partner(s) from getting it?

  • Using male condoms
  • Using female condoms
  • Not having sex (abstinence)

How can I protect my partner(s) once I know I have it?

You should not have sex again until seven days after you and your sex partner(s) have finished treatment.